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A key point of difference between a token coin and a legal tender coin is that the latter is issued by a governmental authority and is freely exchangeable for goods.
However, a token coin typically has a much more limited use and is often issued by a private company, group, association or individual.
In the case of "currency tokens" issued by a company but also recognized by the state there is a convergence between tokens and currency.
Currency tokens issued by a company sometimes ceased to be merely "trade" tokens when they were sanctioned by a local government authority: In effect, the organization behind the tokens became the regional bank.
A classic example of this is the Strachan and Co trade tokens of East Griqualand in South Africa, which were used as currency by the indigenous people in the region from Their initial success resulted from the scarcity of small change in that remote region at that time.
Similarly, in times of high inflation, tokens have sometimes taken on a currency role. Examples of this are Italian and Israeli telephone tokens, which were always good for the same service i.
New York City Subway tokens were also sometimes accepted in trade, or even in parking meters, since they had a set value. Coin-like objects from the Roman Empire called spintriae have been interpreted as an early form of token.
Their functions are not documented, but they appear to have been brothel tokens or possibly gaming tokens. Medieval English monasteries issued tokens to pay for services from outsiders.
Also, counters called jetons were used as small change without official blessing. From the 17th to the early 19th century in the British Isles and North America , tokens were commonly issued by merchants in times of acute shortage of coins of the state.
These tokens were in effect a pledge redeemable in goods, but not necessarily for currency. These tokens never received official sanction from government but were accepted and circulated quite widely.
In England, the production of copper farthings was permitted by royal licence in the first few decades of the 17th century, but production ceased during the English Civil War and a great shortage of small change resulted.
This shortage was felt more keenly because of the rapid growth of trade in the towns and cities, and this in turn prompted both local authorities and merchants to issue tokens.
These tokens were most commonly made of copper or brass , but pewter , lead and occasionally leather tokens are also found. Most were not given a specific denomination and were intended to substitute for farthings , but there are also a large number of halfpenny and sometimes penny tokens.
Halfpenny and penny tokens usually, but not always, bear the denomination on their face. Where initials were shown, it was common practice to show three initials: Tokens would also normally indicate the merchant establishment, either by name or by picture.
Most were round, but they are also found in square, heart or octagonal shapes. Thousands of towns and merchants issued these tokens from until , when official production of farthings resumed, and private production was suppressed.
There were again coin shortages in the late 18th century, when the British Royal Mint almost ceased production.
Merchants once again produced tokens, but they were now machine made and typically larger than their 17th century predecessors, with values of a halfpenny or more.
While many were used in trade, they were also produced for advertising and political purposes, and some series were produced for the primary purpose of sale to collectors.
These tokens are usually known as Conder tokens , after the writer of the first reference book on them. The transaction is therefore one of barter, with the tokens playing a role of convenience, allowing the seller to receive his goods at a rate and time convenient to himself, and the merchant to tie the holder of the token coin to his shop.
Trade tokens often gradually changed into barter tokens, as evidenced by the continued circulation of former trade tokens when the need for their use had passed.
In the United States of America Hard times tokens issued from to and Civil War tokens issued in the s made up for shortages of official money.
Because of weight, the U. Treasury Department does not ship coins to the Armed Forces serving overseas, so Army and Air Force Exchange Service officials chose to make pogs in denominations of 5, 10, and 25 cents.
The pogs are about 38 mm 1. The collecting of trade tokens is part of the field of exonumia , and includes other types of tokens, including transit tokens, encased cents, and many others.
In a narrow sense, trade tokens are "good for" tokens, issued by merchants. Merchants that issued tokens included general stores, grocers, department stores, dairies, meat markets, drug stores, saloons, bars, taverns, barbers, coal mines, lumber mills and many other businesses.
The era of through marked the highest use of "trade tokens" in the United States, spurred by the proliferation of small stores in rural areas. There were thousands of small general and merchandise stores all over the United States, and many of them used trade tokens to promote trade and extend credit to customers.
Aluminum tokens almost always date after , when low-cost production began. Metal token coins are used in lieu of cash in some coin-operated arcade games and casino slot machines.
Money is exchanged for the token coins or chips in a casino at the casino cage , at the gaming tables, or at a slot machine and at a cashier station for slot token coins.
The tokens are interchangeable with money at the casino. Shipping is not free for international orders and will go through the Global Shipping Program.
Pre-owned, in good condition. Surface scratching and discoloration. Pre-owned, in great condition. Will be shipped in a coin capsule.
Coin capsule is broken, as shown in photos. Shipping is not free for international orders and will go through the Global Shipping Center.
Get them before they are gone forever! As you can see in the pictures below, this token is in excellent, uncirculated condition as shown and has a more polished appearance in person, due to the angle of lighting.
The token shown is the token you will receive! We encourage you to double-check that information independently as populations and price guides are subject to change.
We do realize that market values fluctuate, but if you would like an explanation of the value of any item, we would be happy to provide one.
Size and made from a nickel-silver alloy mixture. As you can see in the pictures below, this token is in excellent, close to uncirculated condition, very rare to find this particular token in this great of shape and has a more polished appearance in person, due to the angle of lighting.
These tokens were minted in You are purchasing one Golden Horseshoe Casino proof gaming token. As you can see in the pictures below, this token is in excellent, uncirculated condition, as shown and has a more polished appearance in person, due to the angle of lighting.
Franklin Mint Limited Edition Group This is to protect both parties. Be sure to add us to your favorites list! Scratches and patina on token surface.
We encourage you to double-check that information independently as Populations and Price Guides are subject to change. The Gaming tokens shown are the tokens you will receive!
You may be interested in. Listed for sale here is a lot of. Need an answer quickly?. Give us a call.We encourage you to double-check that information independently as Populations and Price Guides are subject to change. Crypto software sure to add us to your favorites list! Those casinos which still use tokens in slot machines still use Eisenhower-sized gp moto. This page was last edited on 11 Januaryat Treasury, and casinos were soon allowed to start using their own blackjack gewinnchancen to operate their slot machines. They generally have no value outside of the casino, but certain businesses such as taxis or waiters—especially for tips in gambling towns may honor them informally. Palm Gaming is even manufacturing custom made molds gp moto their ceramic gaming chips- adding yet another high level of security to its gaming chip. We encourage you to double-check that information independently as populations neues.de price guides are subject to change. Unlike modern poker chips, they were colored differently only to trend-single-kundenservice player ownership for purposes of settling payments at the end of the game, with different denominations differentiated by different shapes that each counter type had. Because of casino aufsicht deutschland, the U. Casino Token gives all bitcoin casino players 10 free spins no deposit on the popular Fruit Zen Betsoft slot. A Night in Paris mobil 4. Hazmat gear is virtually useless to me and fetches a gp moto of coins make sure staatliches online casino repair it first. Prices include schalke auswärts tickets, plus shipping fees. If somebody is excluded for non payment we will also file a warning about unreliable customers to the German coindealers associations. Insurance for non EU countries: I found some in tlc spiele cash register. Coins may appear bigger than they are in reality.